The dodecaphonism removes the tonic as the most important note and proposes the equality of all the notes gathered in an octave. The creator of this technique was the Austrian composer Arnold Schönberg in the 1920s. Experienced by the Second Vienna School, composed of Alban Berg, Anton Webern, Hanns Eisler and Arnold Schönberg himself.
The vast majority of western music is composed on a structure called the tonal system. The tonal system is organized around a note it is called “tonic” and it will give name to the tonality. This technique began to develop from the beginning of the Baroque period (early 17th century).
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